The Importance of Your Wedges

The Importance of Your Wedges

Having the correct wedges for your game and swing style can make a world of a difference and since wedge shot account for nearly a quarter of all shots , it might be wise to tune up your wedge game. The short game can be broken down into two parts (putting and Chipping) but in this article we are going to talk about the you wedges, what you should know and what to keep in mind when you buy your next set.
Wedges can be divided into four groups, Loft, Gap, Sand and pitching. Each one of the wedges have a purpose but its just not that simple when picking out such a important club.

Lob Wedges (LW)

Lob wedges are the newest of the wedge designs. As its name suggests it has a high loft of around 60 to 64 degrees, allowing golfers to produce more height and spin with shots near the green. It tends to be used more to hit chips, flop shots and bunker shots than full shots.

Gap Wedges (GW)

As the name suggests these wedges fill the ‘gap’ between the pitching wedge and the sand wedge. Occasionally referred to as an attack (AW) or utility wedge (UW), these wedges tend to carry a loft of around 50 to and 53 degrees. Largely suited to fuller shots, they are typically added to player’s bag to bridge a distance gap and offer more variety near the green for pitches that don’t involve a full swing and longer chips.

Sand Wedges (SW)

Usually in the range of 54 to 58 degrees, the sand wedge was originally designed, as the name suggests, to escape from green side bunkers thanks to the heavier and wider design of its sole.

Pitching Wedges (PW)

The first and most common wedge is the pitching wedge. Typically with a loft between 44-48 degrees it is used primarily for full shots into greens and some longer chip shots. Most modern sets tend towards a lower lofted or stronger pitching wedge to blend in with longer-hitting iron designs, whilst also creating a need or gap for the, aptly named, gap wedge.


The loft of a wedge is simply the angle created between the face of the wedge and an imaginary vertical line. Most professionals carry three or four wedges, to offer variation and selection to their short games. The key in choosing a set of wedges is to make sure that there are no big gaps in loft between the lowest lofted iron in your set and the first wedge and then also between edge wedge. Try to keep the loft gaps to around 4 degrees between each club.


The ‘bounce’ of a wedge is the area of the club that hits the turf, hence ‘bounces’ the club through the surface under the ball at impact. Bounce is the group name for the elements involved in sole design: the bounce angle, sole width, leading edge, rocker and camber of a wedge.
Most discussions on bounce refer more specifically to bounce angle. The bounce angle is the angle from the leading edge to the point where the sole actually meets the ground. Whilst many people think wedges sit flat on the ground, this is not true.
Bounce, and specifically the bounce angle, is added to prevent a wedge from digging into sand or turf, stopping the momentum of the club through the ball.

Low Bounce Wedges

Wedges with a bounce angle of 4 to 6 degrees are considered low-bounce. Wedges with minimal bounce will be better suited to players who sweep the ball, taking a shallower divot, firmer turf conditions (i.e. links courses) and heavy, coarse sand in bunkers or bunkers with little sand.

Mid Bounce Wedges

Any wedge with 7 to 10 degrees of bounce is considered to be a mid-bounce wedge. It will be the most versatile option, suited to a wider range of conditions and swing types.

High Bounce Wedges

High bounce wedges have more than 10 degrees of bounce, meaning the leading edge sits higher when the sole is rested on the ground.
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